(Section 12 A of Income Tax Act 1961)

The activity of an NGO is towards the society and is normally for public utility and charitable purpose. It is very difficult if not possible to arrange funds for such noble work. It is precisely because of this income of NGOs are normally exempted from Income Tax. However, there are certain rules and regulations and guidelines which an NGO must follow to get such exemption.

The most important rule relating to this is registration of the NGO under the Income Tax Act. Section 12A of the Income Tax Act deals with application for registration.

NGO can get exemption from tax on NGO’s income under section 12A. Income of an organization is exempted if NGO has 12-A registration. All income shall not be taxable after 12-A registration. This is one time registration. If the NGO is not registered, income tax is payable on surplus during the year.

This exemption is available for all non-profit NGOs. Unfortunately, many NGOs have not applied for this even after 10-15 years of working. This delay can be forgiven if you apply with sufficient reasons.

When to apply

Application for registration under section 12A can be applied just after registration of the NGO.

Benefits of 12A Registration

  • 1.    Income will be exempted for taxation.
  • 2.   Benefits in taking grants from Govt./Abroad/ other Agencies.
  • 3.   Benefit in FCRA registration.

Documents to be Attached

  • 4.    Registration Certificate and MOA /Trust Deed (two copies-self attested by NGO head)
  • 5.   NOC from Landlord (from registered office)
  • 6.   A Copy of PAN card of your NGO
  • 7.   Photocopy of Electricity Bill / House tax Receipt /Water Bill.
  • 8.   Evidence of welfare activities carried out & Progress Report since inception or last 3 years
  • 9.   Books of Accounts, Balance Sheet & ITR (if any), since inception or last 3years
  • 10.   List of donors along with their address and PAN
  • 11.   List of governing body or board of trustees members with their contact details
  • 12.    Original RC and MOA /Trust Deed for verification
  • 13.   Authority letter in favour of NGO Factory
  • 14.   Any other document or affidavit / undertaking, if extra information is by the Income Tax department